|DAGUIOMAN QUICK FACTS|
|Mayor:||SALMA Q. PADILLA|
|Vice Mayor:||OLIVER O. BAG-AYAN|
|Land Area (in Hectares):||11,437|
|No. of Registered Voters**:||1,210|
|Income Class:||5TH CLASS|
|No. of Barangays:||4|
History and Government
The people of Daguioman belong to a cultural tribe called "Tinguians", a word derived from a Malay term "Ingue", which means mountain. Hence, to be a Tinguian is to be a man of the mountains. Traditionally, the Tinguians referred to as non-christian tribes. Today, this no longer holds true as many of them have already embraced the Christian faith. It is therefore more accurate to refer to the Tinguians as indigenous people living in the mountains of Abra, irrespective of their religious persuasion or affiliation.
The Tinguians are of average Filipino height, generally measuring 5 feet and 4 inches. They have a well built athletic figure with impressive sturdy features. Their hair is glossy dark, generally straight but at times slightly wavy. Their foreheads elevated, nose aquiline, cheekbone prominent and complexion varies from light to dark-reddish brown. Traditionally, they wear g-strings. Women wear characteristic bands of beads on their forearms up to their elbows and around their heads - a mark of beauty among them. They go about their chores bare-chested.
The present day Tinguians, however, have already abandoned the traditional g-string attire among men and the bare-chested outlook among women, in favor of the full attire of the lowlanders.
The Tinguians are a peaceful tribe and well-disposed to other people. They are now living in well-organized communities scattered all over the mountain ranges of Abra with concentration on the eastern slopes of the Ilocos mountains, the banks of the Abra River, pushing their way to the northeast and southern corners of the province. They were traditionally grouped into tribes, a kind of political subdivision of the indigenous people. These small settlements of the various ethnic groups were erroneously referred to by the Spaniards as negrito villages.
For their origin, it is believed that the Tinguians came with the first three waves of the last Asian immigrants through the Western Coast of Borneo. They settled on the fertile valleys and plains of Abra long before the coming of the Spaniards. Certain circumstances inimical to their interest and lifestyle forced the Tinguians to move up to the mountains and hinterlands. They were irritated by the Spaniards way or method of converting them to Roman Catholics. Worse, they were driven out by the so-called more highly cultured lowlanders.
They sought refuge and haven in the interior fastnesses where they continue their own lifestyles, fortifying themselves with their ancestral traditions and practices. Many of them significantly influenced their way of thinking and ways of life. For many years, they practiced and persisted on their way of life, characterized by timidity, illiteracy and simplicity dictated by the requirements of their environment which were both hostile and friendly at the same time.
The past and present leaders of the municipality are the following: Aboli, Calngaw, Diwayan, Caymo, Dao-dawen and Lingbawan (Spanish Era); Alunday, Gammong, Dalingay and Nangngayon (Japanese Occupation); Lucob, Banawa, Boyoy, Paganao and Mangwag (American Era); Primitibo Lomioan (1938-1940), Pablo Paganao (1941-1951), Honorato Mangoag (1952-1955), Gaano Bradley (1956-1959), Modesto Basingan (1960-1963), Belmonte Balagao, Jr. (1964-1985), Luis Quibayen (1983-1995) and Manuel Co Kue (1995 to present).
Daguioman has 4 barangays, namely: Ableg, Cabaruyan, Pikek and Tui (Poblacion).
* - 2010 NSO Census of Population
Daguioman is located on the northeastern part of the province of Abra. Passing through the Bangued-Bucay route, it is about 56.8 km. away from the capital town of Bangued. While taking the route of Lamunan, it is about 116 km. from Bangued.
Among its boundaries, Daguioman is bounded on the north by the municipalities of Licuan-Baay and Malibcong, on the west by the municipalities of Bucloc and Sallapadan, on the east by the mountain ranges of the province of Kalinga and on the south by the municipality of Boliney.
Based on the National Statistics Office figure, the municipality has an estimated land area of 10,100 has. characterized by generally rugged mountains with more than half of its land having a slope of 50% and above. The municipality's approximate elevation is about 400 meters above sea level. Soil type is generally sandy loam with a noted high acidity level.
Daguioman has two pronounced seasons, the wet and the dry. The rainy season occurs from June to October while the dry season covers the period from November to May. From December to February, strong winds visit the municipality, a phenomenon unique to Daguioman. Temperature is coldest from December to early February where temperature goes down to 41°-43° Fahrenheit.
The Tinguians of Daguioman are believed to be of Malay origin coming from Asia through the western coast of Borneo. As of the latest census (1995), Daguioman has a population of 1,475 with 279 households, an average household size of 5.29 and a population growth rate of 0.81%.
Farming is the main source of livelihood of the people of Daguioman, with 87% of the total households engaged in agriculture. Palay is the main crop being planted in ricefields/paddies with two croppings a year. Varieties of palay usually planted are "ulitay" for the first cropping and "sawali" for the second cropping. Other varieties being planted include the "langpadan", an upland rice variety.
Aside from palay, other crops being produced include camote, cassava, pechay, cabbage, eggplant, ampalaya, string beans, legumes, luffa, edible ferns, squash, sayote, white gourd and native ginger. Fruits include coconut, avocado, papaya, mabolo, cacao, casoy, tamarind, star apple and santol. However, due to limited harvests on these crops and fruits, they are usually for family consumption only.
Livestocks include cattle, carabao, swine, poultry, dog, goat, horse and ducks. Carabaos are usually used in farming and are usually being rented out.
Economic activities besides agriculture include furniture making, broom making, "pasiking" (native backpack) making, hat making and "annanga" (native raincoat) making. Economic institutions present in the municipality are limited only to sari-sari stores. Goods being sold in these stores are usually bought from Bangued.