History and Government
The word Langiden originated from an Ilocano term "Langi", meaning the outgrowth of a plant as in the development of a bamboo shoot. Langiden was considered a shoot which grew from an old small village to a new town. To add beauty and color, the word "den" was added to the word "Langi" forming the word Langiden.
Langiden is one of the oldest inhabited localities of Abra. Its natives originated from the second wave of Malay immigrants who came to the Philippines and landed on the shores of Northern Luzon specifically Ilocos Sur where the Abra River emptied its overflow. With the coming of the Spaniards, many Malay immigrants resisted their conversion to Christianity. They were then driven upstream of the Abra River into the hinterlands of Abra by the Spaniards calling them Itnegs or Tinguians. Most of the Tinguians settled on the eastern bank of the Abra River at sitio Calawag now called Nagbabayan. Some of them however, went further upstream giving birth to other settlements with some settling on what is now Langiden. Some of the early settlements which grew as barangays forming Langiden were: Baac, Dalayap, Quillat, Malapaao and Poblacion.
At present, Langiden has 6 barangays namely: Poblacion, Dalayap, Mabungtot, Malapaao, Baac and Quillat. Among the barangays, only Mabungtot has a legend. According to old folks, Mabungtot derived its name from the word "Nabungtot", an Ilocano term which means a foul odor of a decaying animal. Dead animals in the early days drowned by flood usually landed in Mabungtot and emitted a foul odor. Because of the foul smell, the place was then called Mabungtot.
From 1988 to 1998, the Mayor of Langiden was Melanio Guzman. His vice mayors were: Mauro Bisares (1988-1992) and Leopoldo Seares (1992-1998). At present, the mayor is Laureto Guzman with Isidro Bueno as his vice mayor.
The official flower of the town is orchid due to its unique beauty and fragrance, a characteristic the people associate with Langiden, being the oldest and widest among the municipalities of Abra.
The town of Langiden is located on the northern portion of the Abra River, the mountainous side of Abra. It is 8 km. away from the capital town of Bangued. On the north, Langiden is bounded by the municipalities of Bangued and Danglas and the province of Ilocos Norte, on the east by Bangued, on the south by Pidigan and San Quintin and on the west by San Quintin and the province of Ilocos Sur.
Langiden's terrain is characterized by numerous hills and mountains crisscrossed by rivers and creeks. Its land area of 12,090 is constituted largely by mountains and rocky hills and large tracts of agricultural lands. About 9,700 has., or 80.23% of the total municipal land area is rocky, rugged and very steep. Among its mountains, Bullagao is the most popular with a peak of 1,092 meters. Langiden's land area is classified as follows: agricultural area - 1,477.59 has., built-up area - 16 has. and forest land - 10,596.41 has. Among its 6 barangays, Malapaao has the largest land area with 7,405 has. while Quillat is the smallest with 0.165 has. The climate is classified under the Type I characterized by two distinct seasons, the wet and the dry. The dry season covers the months of November to March with the wet season covering the remaining months of the year. During the rainy season when the water of the rivers rises, the municipality's barangays are isolated from one another making the transfer of people and goods difficult.
The early inhabitants of Langiden were Tinguians who migrated from the Ilocos Province due to the arrival of the Spaniards. They were of Malay origin which landed on the shores of Northern Luzon specifically Ilocos Sur.
In the 1995 Census of Population, Langiden had a population of 2,729, a household total number of 531 with an average household size of 5.14, and a population growth rate of 2.03% covering the year 1990-1995. Based on 1996 Municipal Planning and Development Office data, the municipality's total population increased to 3,058 with Quillat as the most populated barangay and Baac the least populated. Quillat's population is 622 while Baac has 398.
With its total land area of 12,090 has., Langiden has an agricultural land of 1,477.59 has. or an equivalent 12.22% of the total land area making it an agriculture dependent municipality. Major crops are rice and corn supplemented by other minor crops such as tobacco, vegetables, achuete, coffee, peanuts, beans and cotton. Fruit trees such as mango and santol are also being planted. Since most farms are rainfed and upland, cropping season is once a year with planting time usually from July to August and harvest time usually from November to December. During the dry season, corn and tobacco are usually planted in rotation with palay. Cropping season for corn and tobacco is twice a year. Farm implements are still antiquated with cow and carabao as the beasts of burden. However, post harvest facilities such as mills are strategically located in some of the barangays.