History and Government
Sal-lapadan was the first Tinguian settlement organized under the American Regime in the highlands of Abra. The municipality got its name from the barrio where the seat of government originally was. The original inhabitants named their settlement “Sahipa-chan”, the name of a wild bush which was predominant at the time in the area.
During the Spanish period, Sal-lapadan was a part of Bucay. When the Americans came, it became a separate district. With the re-organization of Abra as a province in 1917, Sal-lapadan became a town occupying all the territories where the residents owned their lands, like Abas and the lower parts of Bucloc. At the beginning of the reorganization of the town during the same year, its chief executives and councilors were elected for a three-year term. The presidencia or building housing the different local offices was located at Barrio Sal-lapadan. During the term of Guinaban Mustard, the presidencia was moved to Subusub. In 1931, during the term of Duquinal, it was relocated to its present site in Gangal ( now Poblacion). When the government became a commonwealth, the term of office of the local chief executive was increased to four years.
In 1939, the municipal hall was built during the term of Layugan Brillantes. Brillantes also was the one who initiated the construction of the first piped-in water system of Sal-lapadan in 1938. Beside the Presidencia is a multipurpose building housing the office of the municipal circuit judge, the police headquarters, the municipal main health center, a multipurpose pavement, and an auditorium. It was constructed during the term of Martinez Saluquen and was funded by the Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office. The public market was constructed during the terms of Alfredo Batoon and Gregorio Banawa. The municipal roads were constructed during the term of Balancad Mustard.
Those who became local chief executives of the municipality are as follows: Matinez Saluquen (1917-1918), Hermoso Lumcang (1919-1921), Baguio Palec (1923-1924), Guinaban Mustard (1925-1927), Duquinal (1928-1931), Tumalip Marshall (1932-1933), Aliga Agsallong (1934-1936), Layngan Brillantes (1937-1939), Alfredo Lomoas (1940-1945), Raymundo Alafriz (1946-1947), Eduardo Martinez (1948-1951), Pablo Segundo (1952-1955), Alfredo Batoon (1956-1963), Gregorio Banawa (1964-1971), Balangcad Mustard (1972-1979), Purugganan Cardenas (1980-1986), Victoria Bañez (1986-1992) and Benjamin Mercado (1992-1998). In the 1998 elections, Victoria Bañez made a comeback as municipal mayor.
Sallapadan's motto is the municipality's name converted into an acronym with the following meaning:
S - upporters and
A - dvocates of
L - ong
L - asting
A - spirations
P - roductive
A - chievements
D - eveloping
A - ctive
N - eighborhood
At present, Sallapadan consists of nine barangays, namely Gangal (Poblacion), Subusub, Maguyepyep, Bazar, Barrio Sal-lapadan, Ud-udiao, Bilabila, Naguilian and Sac-caang. These barangays are grouped into three zones: Zone I - Bazar, Barrio Sal-lapadan and Ud-udiao; Zone II - Gangal (Poblacion), Subusub and Maguyepyep; Zone III - Sac-caang, Naguilian and Bilabila.
Sallapadan is located on the western part of Abra approximately between 17°25" to 17°30" north latitude and between 120°40" to 120°45" longitude. It is bounded on the north by the municipalities of Bucay and Licuan-Baay, on the south by the municipality of Bucloc, on the west by the municipalities of Bucay and Manabo and on the east, by the municipalities of Licuan-Baay and Daguioman. From the capital town of Bangued, Sallapadan is approximately 32 km. following the road. Sallapadan is accessible by two roads: the Bucay-Manabo Road and the Bucay-Lagangilang Road. These roads are made of earth and gravel.
It has a total land area of 11,245 has. representing 2.83% of the total provincial land area. Most of its lands are mountain ranges and low-lying hills towards the valley. Mountain peaks range from 322 meters to 726 meters above sea level. The municipality is traversed by two rivers, Manicbel and Abas Rivers fed by numerous brooks and streams on both sides of the valley. Among the barangays, Ud-udiao is the largest with a land area of 1,766 has. while Gangal is the smallest with 1.005 has. The municipality's exiting land use is as follows: urban area - 1,005 has., agricultural - 984 has., pastureland/grazing land - 864 has., forest - 1,585 has., watershed - 5,552 has., alienable and disposable land - 730 has., residential - 86 has., institutional - 30 has., agro-forest - 250 has., road right-of-way - 49 has. and bodies of water - 140 has.
Climate is characterized by two pronounced seasons, the wet and the dry. Wet season is from May to October while dry season is from November to April. Some parts of the municipality, however, experience rainfall during the month of March. Heaviest downpour occurs during the months of July and August. Temperature on the other hand is warmest during the months of April and May while the coldest months are December and January. Soil classification is divided into bituin clay and mountain soil undifferentiated. Bituin clay comprises 9.2 has. or an equivalent 82% of the total municipal land area. Mountain soil undifferentiated on the other hand comprises 2.02 has. or an equivalent 20% of the total municipal land area.
The people of Sallapadan are a mixture of different ethnic groups. Most of them are descendants of migrants from Banao, Pasil, Maeng and are Igorots. Through intermarriages and migration of these different ethnic groups and their fusion with the Ilocano groups, the people of Sallapadan have evolved a culture distinct from that of their other mountain and lowland places counterparts.
Sallapadan and the adjacent municipalities of Boliney, Daguioman and Bucloc seem to be the repository of old Tinguian culture, with a mixture of social customs from the Kalingas and the Igorots of Mt. Province.
The municipality's proximity to the lowland towns gave its residents the advantage of adapting cultural changes from their lowland brethren, with men doing away with the use of g-strings in favor of pants. The women, however, have preserved the wearing of the "tapis" (a broad piece of cloth wrapped around the waist to cover the lower part of the body) as a distinctive and remaining part of their tribal culture. Added to the elegance of the tapis are beads of precious stones.
Based on the 1995 Census of Population, Sallapadan has a total population of 5,303, a total number of households of 974 with an average household size of 5.43 and a population growth rate of 1.33% covering the year 1990-1995. Among the barangays, Gangal or Poblacion is the most populated with 856 and has the most number of households with 158. Barrio Sal-lapadan is the least populated with 302 and also has the least number of households with 57. Birth rate is at 18.9% while death rate is at 1.7%.
Agriculture is the main occupation of the residents of the municipality with palay as the main crop. Total land area devoted to crop production is 497 has. Next to palay are mango and banana with banana having the potential of becoming the top product. In the mountain areas, corn, coffee and citrus are the suitable crops. As to forest products, Sallapadan has the best narra variety and the biggest stand of Dao and Adaman in the region. Dao, as hard as mahogany, belongs to the First Group Class 2 lumber type with a five grain black yellow and white color. Adaman on the other hand, is a type of iron-wood highly prized by woodcarvers. Livestocks such as swine, cattle and poultry are also raised but only for home consumption.
By: DILG-CAR, Copyright 1999
Vol. I - Local Government Units