History and Government
The name Buguias came from the word Bogey-yas, a popular Igorot settlement during the pre-Spanish time. The spelling was modernized and spelled as “Buguias” by Spanish authorities. Just like Bogey-yas, other names such as Loo, Tucucan, Tinoc, Buguias, Abatan, Ambuse (now Kabayan), Lutab, Karao, Bokod, Acupan, Kafagway (now Baguio City), Benguet (now La Trinidad), Mankayan, Lepanto were popular Igorot settlements during the Spanish times until they abruptly became the Cordillera in 1898.
When the American took over, Act No. 48 of the Local Civil Government which was approved on November 22, 1900, created Buguias as a township. Names, such as Alingbas (one name) of Loo, Buguias; Velasco (one name) of Central Buguias; and Punasen Longbas of Amlimay, Buguias, served as Presidents of the township of Buguias. The other local leaders of the municipality were Gavino Bay-an (1945), Butag Ligmayo (1946-1949), Pingay Pulsingay (1950-1951), Lobesto Alawas (1951-1952), Pio Toyaoan (1953-1955), Mariano Cobcobo (1956-1959), Julian Calion (1960-1963), Gavino Bay-an (1964-1967), Juanito Bacquian (1968-1971), Tomas Yap (1972-1977), Robert Tinda-an (1977-1986), Antonio Abyado (1986-1987), Camilo Atas (1987-1988), Stafin Olsim (1988-1992) and Apolinario Camsol (1992-1998). During the 1998 elections, Domingo Bay-an won as mayor for a term of three years.
Buguias is presently composed of 14 barangays, namely: Abatan, Amlimay, Amgaleyguey, Baculongan Sur, Baculongan Norte, Bangao, Buyacaoan, Calamagan, Catlubong, Lengaoan, Loo, Natubleng, Poblacion, and Sebang.
Buguias, although occupying a negotiable portion of Benguet, would have been unheard of had it not been for that Golden Buddha scandal in 1962 and that bloody ambush of 1976, a dubious popularity for this peaceful settlement. It is endowed with rich natural resources in all its 14 barangays with a total land area of 16,260 hectares.
The town registered a population of 28,034 as recorded by the National Statistics Office in 1995. The population is divided into 5,218 households with an average household size of 5. Comparing the 1995 population with that of 1990, the population of Buguias increased by 1.99%.
Buguias has progressed tremendously in terms of housing, land development, education, health and sanitation, cultural and sociological aspects and racial improvement. The municipality is basically agricultural and is one of the major vegetable producing municipalities of the region. With the municipality's soil conducive to producing highland crops, majority of the residents are farmers, making terraces on the mountainsides for vegetable production. These vegetable terraces like that of the Banaue Rice Terraces are a sight to see when one is travelling along the Halsema Highway which passes through the municipality.
Tourist Attractions and Places of Interest
By: DILG-CAR, Copyright 1999
Vol. I - Local Government Units