History and Government
The legal existence of the municipality of Kapangan is by virtue of Act No. 48 passed and approved on November 22, 1900 during the American Civil Government.
After some time, Republic Act No. 4695 was passed on June 18, 1966. This Act was called the Division Law separating Benguet from its mother province, the Old Mountain Province. With the separation of Benguet as a province, it maintained her thirteen municipalities, among them the municipality of Kapangan.
Kapangan is presently divided into fifteen barangays, namely: Balakbak, Beleng-Belis, Boklaoan, Cayapes, Central Kapangan, Cuba, Datakan, Gadang, Gaswiling, Labueg, Paykek, Pongayan, Pudong, Sagubo and Taba-ao.
Atty. Liso Agpas, elected Board Member of Benguet, was the mayor from 1986 to 1998 and was succeeded by Rogelio Leon in 1998 who will serve as mayor up to 2001.
Kapangan is located within 16°33" to 16°41" latitude and 120°29" to 120°40" longitude. It is about 29 kilometers away from the capital town of La Trinidad. It is bounded on the north by Kibungan, on the south by Tublay, on the southwest by Sablan, on the east by Atok, and on the west by the province of La Union.
The total land area of Kapangan is estimated to be 17,327 hectares or 6.68% of the total land area of the province of Benguet.
The municipality's terrain is characterized by rugged mountains and hills. Rugged mountains have slopes of 50% while hills have slopes from 30%-50%. The highest elevation is 1,700 meters above sea level while the lowest level is 200 meters above sea level.
Climate is divided into two seasons - the wet and the dry. Wet season occurs from the months of May to October while dry season occurs November to April.
Kapangan has a total population of 15,326 inhabitants in 3,145 households registering an annual growth rate of 0.30% covering the year 1990-1995.
Kankana-ey and Ibaloi are the major ethnic groups and dialects of the municipality.
Education and Culture
Kapangan has at present 25 schools, 11 of which are complete elementary schools. The literacy rate of the municipality has an upward trend with the presence of at least 11 complete elementary schools, 16 barrio schools and 3 high school institutions. The 3 high schools together with the offering of tertiary level courses at the Governor Bado Dangwa Agro Industrial School contribute to the high literacy rate of the municipality.
Like the any other municipality in the province, Kapangan also has the cañao as part of its tradition. Solibao, Gangsa, Pinsak and Takik are their musical instruments and have the song Day-eg and Bad-iw. Tayaw and Sadong are their native dances.
The municipality is agricultural with 13,711.27 has. total land area devoted to agriculture. Of the total agricultural land area, 488.01 has. of which is irrigated while 13,223.26 has. is rainfed. The main crops being planted are palay, cassava, camote and gabi, coffee and banana. Tiger grass are also being produced and are made into softbrooms. Trade and industry in the municipality are limited to small business establishments and cottage industries.
Tourist Attractions and Places of Interest