History and Government
In the early times, an old man lived peacefully in the mountain where the Poblacion is presently situated. Known to be a hard worker, the man cultivated different crops among which was his favorite “saligao”, a shrub which bore fruits that became poisonous when taken excessively but medicinal when used properly. People from different parts of the region learned about the saligao plant and wanted the plant's fruit. The fruit was used for medicine while others discovered that once powdered and applied or mixed with water in the rivers, it would cause dizziness among the fish making fishing quite easy. Fishing in this way became popular among the people. Later referred to as “tuva”, this fishing method prompted the old man to plant more saligao trees. From then on the people started calling his place “Tuva” now Tuba.
On November 22, 1900, during the American Regime, Tuba was made a township by virtue of Act No. 18 and Act No. 1397. The township form of government continued until 1909. On December 11, 1911, Cameron Forbes, Governor General of the Philippines issued Executive Order No. 77 abolishing the township of Twin Peaks and creating in its place the township of Tuba. The township of Tuba is to be composed of the barrios of Topinao, Nangalisan, San Pascual, Taloy, Balangabang, Dongon and all these barrios were formerly part of the township of Baguio situated immediately outside of and to the south of Baguio Townsite Reservation. From the original 7 barrios, Tuba's barrio expanded to 13. The 13 barrios, now compose the 13 barangays of Tuba, namely: Ansagan, Camp 1, Camp 3, Camp 4, Nangalisan, Poblacion, San Pascual, Tabaan Norte, Tabaan Sur, Tadiangan, Taloy Norte, Taloy Sur and Twin Peaks.
On June 25, 1963, President Diosdado Macapagal issued Executive Order No. 42 and by operation of Section 2 of Republic Act No. 1515, the Municipal District of Tuba was converted into a regular municipality.
From 1988, Tuba was ruled by the following leaders: Crescencio Akia (1988-1992), Jose Baluda (1992-1995), Gregorio Semon (1995-1998) and Jose Baluda (1998-2001).
Tuba, one of the oldest and original towns of the Cordillera, is situated in the southwestern tip of the Central Cordillera Mountain Range that extends from the northwestern tip of Luzon towards Pangasinan. South of the municipality lies Pangasinan and to the west lies the Ilocos rolling hills. It is hemmed in by the municipalities of Sablan and La Trinidad, on the north; the city of Baguio and the municipality of Itogon on the east; the municipalities of Rosario, Pugo and Aringay, La Union on the west; and the municipalities of Sison, Pozorrubio and San Manuel, Pangasinan on the south.
The municipality of Tuba has a total land area of 43,427.8541, accounting for about 16.66% of the total provincial land area. The municipality' s land use classification is as follows: built-up area - 877.9422 has., industrial - 6,664.92 has., agricultural - 11,526.2640 has., forest - 19,147.2400 has., agro-forest - 1,743.08 has., pastureland - 1,671.64 has., rivers/creeks - 1,306.9612 has., roads - 285.1492 has. and other uses - 204.6575 has. The municipality's urban area comprises the barangays of Poblacion and Camp 3 having a composite land area of 8,385.0978 hectares and accounts for 19.31% of the total municipal land area. On the other hand, the rural areas comprise 11 barangays and have a composite land area of 35,042.7563 hectares and account for 80.69% of the total land area of Tuba.
Tuba has an invigorating and pleasantly cool climate having 2 pronounced seasons - dry and wet. The dry season starts in November and lasts until April while the wet season lasts from May to October.
The municipality's topography is generally characterized by irregular rugged terrain and steep slopes. It is a plateau with several mountain peaks rising from the table land itself. Mount Santo Tomas, the highest peak in the area soars to 2,252 meters above sea level. Only a few portion of the municipality can be considered flat, with elevations within 100 meters to 300 meters above sea level. Four major rivers/streams and 49 tributary/minor rivers and creeks intersect the landform and serve as the drains of the municipality.
The discovery of gold in Benguet by the early settlers during the early part part of 1930 led to the “Gold Rush” and the subsequent flourishing of mining industries in the locality.
Based on the 1995 Census of Population, the total population of Tuba is 39,589 which is 46 or 0.12% less than its population in 1990. For the past 5 years, the computed annual population growth rate was -0.023% which is indicative of a decreasing population. Considering the population from 1990-1995, the computed annual growth rate was 1.76% which is lesser than the computed annual growth rate from 1975 to 1990 which is 3.04%. These figures are indicative of a decreasing growth rate which may be attributed to the retrenchment activity in the mining area and the effective implementation of the family planning program.
The leading agricultural activity for the past decade was vegetable production which is mainly attributed to the conducive and temperate climate of Tuba. The major crops produced include palay, root and cash crops, plantation/industrial crops, among others. Moreover, based on the latest Municipal Agricultural Office estimates, a shade over 26% of the total land area is utilized for agricultural activities.
At present, the only commercially operational mining firm in the municipality is the Philex Mining Corporation, considered one of the country’s leading mineral ore producers.
Tourist Attractions and Places of Interest
>Asin Hot Springs at Nangalisan
>Philex Mines Compound at Camp 3
>Ifugao Curio and Souvenir Shops along Asin Road
>Bridal Veil Natural Water Falls at Tabaan Sur
>Mt. Santo Tomas at Poblacion
>The world famous Zigzag Road
>Brown Madonna Shrine at Tadiangan
>Two Man-Made Tunnel along the Asin-San Pascual Road