History and Government
The town's name came from the native term “asip” which means scabbard, and “pulo”, which refers to the number 10. It is said that in olden times, when headhunting in the area was still acceptable, 10 unidentified leaders wore around their waists a scabbard with a bolo to act as defenders of their people from hostile tribes.
The creation of the municipality of Asipulo is by virtue of Republic Act No. 7173. This law was passed by the House of Representatives on December 11, 1991 and by the Senate on December 9, 1991. It was approved by then President Corazon C. Aquino on January 13, 1992 and was finally ratified by the people in a plebiscite held on July 5, 1992. In the plebiscite, 4,497 votes were cast as against a total number of 9,190 registered voters. The result was an overwhelming 4,354 or 96.82% affirmative votes against a negligible 143 or 3.18% negative votes. Asipulo became the province's newest municipality, carved out of Kiangan, its mother municipality.
On June 5, 1993, the first set of municipal officials were appointed by President Fidel V. Ramos. The municipal mayor was Carlos Gumangan with Crescencio Dulnuan as his vice mayor. In 1995, the first set of elected municipal officials assumed office with Pio Dupingay as mayor and Jose Gullitiw as vice mayor. Jose Gullitiw won as the next mayor in the 1998 elections.
Asipulo is composed of 9 barangays, namely: Amduntog, Antipolo, Camandag, Cawayan, Haliap, Namal, Nungawa, Panubtuban and Pula. Its remotest barangays are Cawayan, Camandag and Namal. Namal can only be reached from the seat of the municipal government in Amduntog by hiking for about 8 hours.
Asipulo lies about 16 kilometers southwest of the capital town of Lagawe. It is bounded on the north by the municipality of Kiangan, on the east by the municipality of Lamut, on the west by the municipality of Tinoc and on the south by the province of Nueva Vizcaya.
The topographical features of the municipality is generally mountainous. The lowest elevation is approximately 1,476 feet above sea level while the highest elevation is approximately 5,000 feet above sea level.
Due to the municipality's geographical position and forested mountain, the climate is relatively temperate. The average temperature is 20 degrees Celsius. Dry season usually lasts 3 months starting in early January and ending in late April. The wet season sets in early May and lasts up to late December. The hottest months are March and April while the coldest are from November up to February. The average rainfall is 450 mm. and the average annual typhoon frequency is 3-5.
The municipality is traversed by rivers and brooks, among them: the Bukig River which serves as the boundary between the municipality and the province of Nueva Vizcaya; the Camandag River which disects barangay Camandag; and the Magat River.
Bukig and Camandag Rivers are tributaries of the Magat River.
The municipality's land resources are: farmland - 5,670 has., lakes and swamplands - 2.1 has., pastureland - 237 has., forest land/residential lots - 18,920 has. and communal bodies of water - 171 has. The total municipal land area is 25,000 has.
Based on the 1995 Census of Population, Asipulo has a total population of 9,964, a total number of households of 1,849 with an average household size of 5.39 and a population growth rate of 0.88% based on the years 1990-1995.
The municipality's dialects are Kalanguya, Ayangan and Tuwali which also includes Hanglulo and Keley-i. As to religion, majority of the municipality's households are Roman Catholics but Protestants and Iglesia ni Cristo are growing in number.
Asipulo is primarily an agricultural community. About 95% of its populace derive their income from farming activities. Approximately 1,732.3 has. are devoted to agricultural crops such as rice, vegetables, legumes, corn, rootcrops, fruit trees, coffee and others. Irrigated rice paddies have an area of 538 has. while rainfed rice paddies have an area of 180 has. Upland riceland covers an area of 60 has. Other crops include: corn (31.5 has.), legumes (82 has.), vegetables (174.5 has.), rootcrops (129 has.), fruit trees (198 has.) and commercial crops (270 has.). Livestocks are also raised such as cattle, carabao, swine, goat, chicken, duck, dog and turkey.