Kalinga is a landlocked province lying on the central part of the Cordillera Administrative Region. It is bounded on the north by the province of Apayao, on the east by Cagayan and Isabela, on the west by Abra and on the south by Mt. Province.
Kalinga is politically divided into 7 municipalities, 1 component city and 152 barangays with the City of Tabuk as its capital. The 7 municipalities and the lone component city and some basic information are as follows.
Kalinga was formerly a part of the old province of Kalinga-Apayao. However, on February 14, 1995, Republic Act No. 7878 authored by Congressman Elias K. Bulut of the lone district of Kalinga-Apayao, was passed converting the province of Kalinga-Apayao into two separate and regular provinces: Kalinga and Apayao.
The province's geographic feature is characterized on the western portion by sharp-crested interlinking peaks of steep slopes, isolated flat lands, plateaus and valleys. The eastern portion is generally rolling to gradually sloping foothills, with interlocking wide tracks of flat lands and flood plains along its main drainage system.
Kalinga has a total land area of 3,071 sq. km. having a topography that is generally rugged and sloping, with mountain peaks ranging from 1,500 meters to 2,500 meters in height.
The province enjoys average temperatures ranging from 17'C to 22'C and Type III weather patterns. The dry season extends from November to April. The rest of the year is rainy. The heaviest rains usually occur in the months of July and October.
Tourist Attractions and Events
The province is a land of natural charm and beauty with its natural attractions of majestic mountains, caves, rustic villages, and rice terraces. It is a land of mystique and legends and tales of the legenday God, Kabunian. A land of living waters, it abounds with rivers and waterfalls. Its rivers snake around villages and its underground rivers murmur beneath its gold encrusted mountain slopes.
Some of the places in the area which are most likely to be seen or cited by visitors are the following: Sleeping Beauty - Tinglayan; Kabunyan Natural Dam and Pasil River - Pasil; Preserved Tributary Falls and Forest, and Saltan River - Balbalan; Capitol Provincial Park and Chico River - Tabuk; Biggest Acacia Tree - Pinukpuk. The Pasil, Saltan and Chico Rivers are the premier whitewater rafting places in the region if not in the nation. For whitewater rafting trips, these rivers not only offers rapid-fire excitement but also a glimpse of the cultural history of the Kalinga people.
The Ullalim Festival is celebrated every 15th of February. This is a cultural festival where all guests and visitors are treated to an ethnic presentation of major Kalinga cultural practices, songs and dances. All eight municipalities of the Province of Kalinga regularly participate in this event.
The Province of Kalinga is composed of Seven (7) Municipalities and One (1) Component City, namely:Balbalan, Lubuagan, Pasil, Pinukpuk, Rizal, City of Tabuk (Capital), Tanudan and Tinglayan.
* - 2010 NSO Census of Population