History and Government
The old story goes that there was once a mother who was a very good weaver. She oftentimes went to the woods to get weaving barks, accompanied by her son. Her son wore a g-string and a sleeveless shirt which she wove after days of gathering, spinning and tying together weaving barks. One day, the mother called her son to an empty house to weave. The two had just started weaving when the boy saw two strange men coming down the hill. The two men were tall, white and talked like a blackbird. They were laughing as they reached the two who stopped weaving and who just bowed their heads because of fear. The other man tapped the shoulder of the boy, who was standing and holding the wood used for tightening the thread, and asked “what is your name?”. The boy, still afraid, did not respond and just kept his head bowed. The man repeated his question which the mother, thinking the man was asking what her son was holding, answered “Fialikiana”. The man uttered with a deep breath “Fialikia” while the other man asked “what is the name of this village?”. The mother again answered “Fialikia” even though she did not understand what was asked. Both men then made a conclusion that the village’s name was “Fialikia”, and left the place.
Many years later, a group of white people arrived in the place to educate the people. They taught the children saying, "the name of this village is Fialikia". Then another group of white people came and straightened the name "Fialikia" to "Barlig" since "Fialikia" was difficult for them to pronounce. From then on the place was called “Barlig”.
In 1992 to 1995, Yolanda Amogan was elected to office as mayor, Julio Agrayan was elected from 1995 to 1998, and Aloysius Matib was elected in the 1998 elections for a term of 3 years.
Barlig is divided into three tribes of eleven barangays, namely: Barlig tribe which consists of barangay Lingoy, Latang, Macalana, Fiangtin, Gawana or the Poblacion; Lias tribe consisting of two barangays, Lias Silangan and Lias Kanluran; and Kadaclan tribe consisting of four barangays, Lunas, Chupac, Kaleo and Ogo-og.
Barlig is located at the southeastern part of Mt. Province. It is bounded on the north by the province of Kalinga, on the south by the province of Ifugao, on the west by Bontoc and on the east by Natonin.
Its terrain is rugged, with tall mountains and deep canyons. Settlements are situated along narrow banks of river/streams flowing through the Tanudan river or on slightly sloping mountain sides.
Barlig enjoys two seasons, the wet and the dry. The wet season starts from April and ends November while the dry season lasts from December to March. This implies that out of twelve months each year, water supply from rain is sufficient for eight months.
Based on the 1995 Census of Population, Barlig has a total population of 7,477 with 7,471 households. Mortality rate is 2.09/1000 population and morbidity rate is 312.61/1000 population.
The leading causes of mortality are: Pneumonia (7% of the total population), Vascular Disease (4% of the total population), Congestive Heart Failure (4% of the total population), Bleeding Peptic Ulcer (3% of the total population), and diarrhea (1% of the total population).
Palay is the main crop in Barlig with an estimated production of 1,575 tons per hectare. This is supplemented with root crops and vegetables. However, production is not enough even for household consumption.
Other crops produced in small volumes are bananas, root crops, corn, coffee and other vegetables such as beans, habichuelas, cabbage, chayote and sitao. Fruits like citrus, banana, coffee, avocado and pineapple are also produced for home consumption.
Swine is the most common livestock raised in the municipality even if swine-raising is not profitable due to the very cold climate which deters the growth of pigs. Cattle-raising may be a feasible livelihood activity because of the green vegetation but the steep terrain is not suitable for pasture.
Barlig is famous for its rattan weaving specifically of back packs (“pasiking”). Products are sold outside the locality on a commercial scale. Due to this situation, rattan is in danger of depletion.
Tourist Attractions and Places of Interest