History and Government
Legend has it that the municipality was first settled by a couple named Padoka and Adian in Pabis. To survive, the couple planted root crops to augment their provisions of food. Padoka also became a skillful hunter.
Many years thereafter, a pregnant sow of the couple was nowhere to be found in its pen. The couple, together with their son and daughter, searched the vicinity for the missing sow. Later, Adian discovered that the sow headed eastward via a lower dike-like mountain. They followed the footprints going to Mt. Kipay-an until they found it in a cave at the side near the spring. The place was luxuriant with “Baukok” trees (Specie Garnica). Because the land on which the “Baukok” grew had a friendly terrain, Padoka decided to transfer his whole family there.
Time came when there was rampant cutting down of trees by the inhabitants, who had become by then numerous, to make houses. To perpetuate the memory of the specie of trees that once abounded in the area, Opeg’s descendants called it Baukok, which was shortened to Bauko later on for euphony. This was how Bauko got its name.
There are few explanations as to how the town evolved as a municipality. As per record, Bauko was created as a regular municipality in 1911. It was believed that the first municipal building was constructed at Bauko Poblacion. But this did not exist for long. The following year, the municipal hall was transferred to Guinzadan. In 1898, it was again transferred to Bauko Poblacion. In 1918, the municipal hall was built below the Central School but again later transferred along the Bontoc-Cervantes National Road. Unfortunately, this was bombed during World War II.
In January 1966, a more dignified municipal hall structure was built at Abatan.
The municipal chief executive from 1992 to 1995 was Noe Cadwising followed by Sario M. Malinias (1995-1998) and Oliver P. Libang (1998-2001).
The town is composed of 22 barangays, namely: Abatan, Bagnen Oriente, Bagnen Proper, Balintaugan, Banao, Bila, Guinzadan Central, Guinzadan Norte, Guinzadan Sur, Lagawa, Leseb, Mabaay, Mayag, Monamon Norte, Monamon Sur, Mount Data, Otucan Norte, Otucan Sur, Poblacion, Sadsadan, Sinto and Tapatan.
Bauko’s land area of 1,782,070 hectares lies on the southwestern part of Mountain Province. It is bounded on the north by the municipality of Sagada; on the south by the municipalities of Hungduan, Ifugao and Buguias, Benguet; on the west by the municipality of Tadian and on the east by the municipality of Sabangan and Hungduan, Ifugao.
The topography of the municipality is generally mountainous, with rolling to very rugged terrain. The elevation of the municipality ranges from 800 meters to 3,512 meters above sea level.
It has two climatic types, the western part of the municipality has Type B (humid) climate with rain evenly distributed throughout the year and at most three dry months. The eastern side has a Type C (moist) climate with rain not evenly distributed throughout the year.
Bauko has the largest population in the province at 24,242 as recorded by the National Statistics Office.
Kankana-ey is the mother tongue of the majority of the population. About 94% of the population speak the dialect. The next language group, in point of number are those who speak Ilocano.
Agriculture is the primary source of livelihood in Bauko as shown by the fact that out of the 7,921 employed persons in the area, 6,988 of them are farmers and this is about 89% of the total number of persons employed. About 33% of the total land area is devoted to agricultural production which is about 5,827 sq. km.
Industry activities in the municipality of Bauko are still in the handicraft stage. These are ceramics, blacksmithing, loom weaving and knitting. Finished products of the ceramics are clay jar and flower pots. On the other hand, blacksmith products are agricultural implements and tools like bolo, spading fork, plows and the like. There are also native industries like weaving of native dresses and blankets. Tiger grass production could also be a potential source of employment and additional income.
Tourist Attractions and Places of Interest
By: DILG-CAR, Copyright 1999
Vol. I - Local Government Units