KEY OFFICIALS
HON. EDUARDO M. AÑO
Secretary, DILG
HON. MARIBEL C. SACENDONCILLO
Assistant Secretary for Local Government, DILG
MARLO  L. IRINGAN, CESO III
Regional Director, DILG-CAR
ARACELI A. SAN JOSE, CESO V
Assistant Regional Director, DILG-CAR
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BESAO QUICK FACTS
Mayor: JOHNSON D. BANTOG II
Vice Mayor: JUNE T. LOPSOTEN
Land Area (in Hectares): 17,362
Total Population*: 7,818
No. of Registered Voters**: 4,824
Income Class: 5TH CLASS
No. of Barangays: 14

 

History and Government

 

The municipality of Besao is believed to have derived its name from the Ilocano word "Buso" meaning headhunter. The people then of the neighboring towns specifically those from the Ilocos Region believed that the early "Besaos" were headhunters. The word later on evolved as it is now called - Besao.

 

Besao was originally a part of Bagnen municipality. With the establishment of the old Mountain Province, it was absorbed by the sub-province of Lepanto. It finally attained its status as a separate municipality by virtue of Executive Order No. 42 dated June 25, 1963.

 

The municipal presidents who helped in the development of the municipality in succession were Dabudab (1904-1905), Pedro Piluden (1906-1907), Nicolas Sawadan (1908-1911), Agustin Ambucay (1912-1913), Francisco Ocden (1914-1916), Agustin Ambucay (1916-1919), Luciano Piluden (1919-1922), Agustin Ambucay (1922-1925), Bonifacio Ngalean (1925-1928) and Abundio Gawigawen (1928-1937). The municipal mayors started with Pablo Belinan (1938 to 1940), who was succeeded by Ventura Lanas (1941-1943), Rodolfo Hidalgo (1943-1944), Ventura Lanas (1945-1946), Alipio Bay (1947-1950), Domingo Busacay (1950-1952), Agustin Pecas (acting mayor, 1953), Baltazar Domeyeg (1953-1954), Felipe Lalwet (1954-1955), Rodolfo Dampo (1956-1959), Martin Dangawen, (acting mayor, 1960), Vicente Bugnosen (1960-1963), Martin Dangawen (acting mayor, 1963), Rodolfo Dampo (1964-1967), Francisca Anton (1968-1971), Alfredo Agdaca (1972-1980), Arthur Calixto (1980-1986) and Benjamin Bagano (1986-1995). In 1995, Johnson Bantog was elected mayor of Besao up to the present.

 

Besao is presently composed of 14 barangays, namely: Agawa, Ambagiw, Banguitan, Besao West, Besao East, Catengan, Gueday, Kin-iway, Lacmaan, Laylaya, Padangan, Payeo, Suquib, and Tamboan.

 

 

 BARANGAY POPULATION*
1 Agawa 431
2 Ambaguio 349
3 Banguitan 627
4 Besao East (Besao Proper) 356
5 Besao West 493
6 Catengan 733
7 Gueday 748
8 Kin-iway (Pob.) 750
9 Lacmaan 263
10 Laylaya 901
11 Padangan 499
12 Payeo 540
13 Suquib 325
14 Tamboan 803

References:

    *   - 2010 NSO Census of Population
    **  - 2010 Partial Data from COMELEC

 

Its Land

 

Besao lies at the westernmost part of Mountain Province. It is bounded on the north by Tubo, Abra, on the south by Tadian, on the east by Sagada and on the west by Quirino, Ilocos Sur. It is 28 kilometers away from Bontoc, the capital town of Mountain Province, and 150 kilometers away from Baguio City.

 

Based on the records of the Department of the Environment and Natural Resources - Cordillera Administrative Region (DENR-CAR), the municipality has a total land area of 19,020 hectares, the second smallest municipality in the province, comprising only 4.3% of the total provincial land area. However, records of the municipality based on early cadastral surveys, the land area of the municipality is believed to be 38,265 hectares. The conflict in figures is due to the fact that the boundary dispute between Mountain Province and Abra remains unresolved up to the present time.

 

According to the DENR, Besao is 100% forest land. Of the 9,020 hectares, 52.02% are classified as forest reserve, 25.95% are timber lands while 22.03% are unclassified forest.

 

While the DENR's classification did not provide for alienable and disposable land, the existing land use shows that there are built-up areas in the municipality. Data from the Department of Agriculture shows that only 940 hectares representing 10% of the total land area are used for agricultural activities. The rest are grasslands and wooded forests, comprising 88.64% of the total land area of the municipality.

 

There are two pronounced seasons in the municipality, wet and dry. The dry season normally occurs from January through April while the wet or rainy season lasts from May to December. Typhoons normally visit the area during the months of July, August and September. Due to temperature changes, monsoon rains last for weeks, resulting in damage to crops and properties.

 

Its Inhabitants

 

The 1995 Census of Population shows that the municipality has a total population of 9,147 showing an increase of 7% compared to the 8,473 population of 1990. The locality has a total of 1,760 households with an average household size of 5.

 

Its Economy

 

Besao is one of the rice producing municipalities with the highest yield per hectare in the province. The municipal agricultural office estimates rice production at an average of 21 cavans or 1,045 kilograms per hectare. Still, the majority of the population are highly dependent on rice imported from other areas. Other agricultural crops produced are citrus fruits, banana, root crops, corn, and coffee.

 

Livestock popularly raised includes cattle, carabao, swine, chicken, ducks and other domestic animals. These animals are raised primarily for domestic consumption and for social and cultural purposes.

 

Tourist Attractions and Places of Interest

>The Stone Calendar of Gueday

>The Besao Sunset

>Mt. Mogao View Deck

>Mt. Calvary

>Baknad Rice Terraces

>World War II "Fox Holes"

>The Banao Lakes

>Kit-kitaw-eng Falls

 

 

REFERENCE:
CORDILLERA ALMANAC
By: DILG-CAR, Copyright 1999
Vol. I - Local Government Units
DILG STRATEGIC DIRECTION
LGA BNEO PORTAL
DOWNLOADABLE LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE OF 1991

 

ONGOING ONLINE ACTIVITIES
CORDILLERA ADMINISTRATIVE REGION   QUICK FACTS
Land Area (sq.Km.): 19,611.10
Population (2010): 1,616,867
No. of Provinces: 6
No. of Municipalities: 75
No. of HUCs: 1 (Baguio City)
No. of Component Cities: 1 (Tabuk City)
Total No. of Barangays: 1,176
Legal Basis of Creation: EO 220
Date of Creation: 7/15/1987
PROVINCE / CITY NO. OF REGISTERED VOTERS (Oct 31, 2015)
ABRA 156,968
APAYAO 64,867
BENGUET 204,497
BAGUIO CITY 147,794
IFUGAO 112,328
KALINGA & TABUK CITY
121,375
MT. PROVINCE 98,351
TOTAL
906,180

 

 

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION CORNER
TYPHOON MONITORING

 

 

 

CLUSTERED GEOHAZARD MAPS
ABRA
 
 
 
Bangued
Licuan-Baay
Manabo
 
Sallapadan
Tineg
 
APAYAO
 
 
 
Calanasan
Kabugao
Lenneng
 
 
Pudtol
 
Baguio City
BENGUET
 
 
 
 Atok Kabayan  Mankayan
IFUGAO
     
 Bunhian Lagawe  
KALINGA
     
Lubuagan Salegseg City of Tabuk
MT. PROVINCE
     
 Bontoc Paracelis  Sadanga
Reference: Geohazard maps were extracted from the  Geological Database Information System (GDIS) of the Mines & Geosciences Bureau (MGB) portal through this link.
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