History and Government
Sadanga got its name from the English word “sad” and its local meaning, “sanga”. An American visitor combined the words to form “Sad-sanga”. The municipality is still called Sad-sanga by the locals but it is officially spelled Sadanga.
The municipality had its first seat of government at Sacasacan with Bekigan, Belwang and Saclit as its barrios.
Sadanga, now barangays Poblacion and Demang, was a sitio of Barangay Sacasacan which later became a regular barangay and was renamed Poblacion. However, the municipality retained the name Sadanga.
Pursuant to Resolution No. 592 dated October 14, 1949 of the Provincial Board of the old Mountain Province, barangays Anabel and Betwagan were added to the municipality. Barangay Demang was created by virtue of Provincial Ordinance No. 2 dated July 3, 1985.
On June 25, 1963, President Diosdado Macapagal issued Executive Order No. 42 which made Sadanga into a regular municipality.
Today, there are eight barangays that constitute the municipality of Sadanga, namely: Anabel, Bekigan, Belwag, Betwagan, Demang, Poblacion, Sacasacan and Saclit.
The past to present chief executives of the municipality are as follows: Guinsadan, Kawi, Mangertag, Megingan, For-ang, Kagayongan, George Pak-eo, Carlos Lubas, Jose Limmayog, Sr., Sagueban Kadatar, Geraldo Ackut, Sr., Sagueban Kadatar, Geraldo Ackut, Sr. (1959-1963), Eduardo Amboni, Sr. (1963-1966), Pablo Cawaren (1966-1978), Mangatam Maneksek (1978-1979), Estanislao Fagto (1980-1986), Henry Suyam (1986-1992), Vicente Tic-chap (1992-1995) and Francis Dangiwan (1995-2001).
Sadanga is a landlocked and mountainous municipality which has a total land area of 15,310 hectares, representing 7.30% of the total land area of the province. It is 25 kilometers away from Bontoc. It is bounded on the north by the municipality of Tinglayan, Kalinga, the town of Bontoc on the south, Barlig municipality on the east and the municipality of Tubo, Abra on the west. It has an irregular terrain, extending on an elongated shape from east to west 17 degrees 10.4 minutes latitude and 120 degrees 1.4 minutes longitude.
The locality has only two land classifications: forest land and alienable and disposable land. The built-up area and agricultural land area are within the alienable and disposable land. Hence, people in this area are deemed squatters in the land they inherited from their ancestors and have been occupying since time immemorial. The forest land occupies 13,040 has. or 85.17% of the total land area of the municipality while the alienable and disposable land is 2,270 has. or 14.83% of the total land area of Sadanga. The alienable and disposable land was approved by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources in 1987 without the knowledge of and consultation with the people.
The topography of the municipality is generally rugged and mountainous, characterized by steep and deep ravines with slopes ranging from 25 degrees and over.
Based on the 1995 Census of Population, Sadanga has a population of 8,335 and ranks eight in the province. Its population increased by 1,033 or 1.4% of its population in 1990.
Agriculture is the major source of livelihood of the people where about 90% of the population are engaged in. About 2,346 hectares or 15% of the total land area of the municipality are utilized for crop production.
The main crops are rice of different varieties and root crops that include camote and cassava. The crops are planted along hillsides and valleys where water is available and are considered prime agricultural land. Legumes of different varieties, peanuts, coffee, sugarcane, corn and vegetables such as eggplant, pechay, squash, and onions are also grown in the area.
Fruit trees like mango, avocado, coconut, bananas, star apple, guyabano and jackfruit are grown in the warmer barangays along the river.
Tourist Attraction and Place of Interest